Thursday, September 8, 2016

Sun Glare While Driving – August 2016

The following relate to the dangers of sun glare while driving, and traffic safety in general. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition


Shane O'Connor @oconnorshane:  Be especially careful in work zones. Road Safety. No distractions.  https://t.co/ZctaVTydZM

> @SunPosition:  @oconnorshane I hope they have a similar ad showing guys shaving behind the wheel.

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Co4lh-MWEAAjQtL.jpg:large


TWC News Rochester @TWCNewsROC:  Deputies say sun glare potential factor in Perinton NY crash—man on bike hit by 1 vehicle, then another

Sun glare believed to be a factor: Sheriff >

Man Struck by Two Vehicles in Perinton | TWC News

“A man riding his bike Thursday evening on Whitney Road was struck by two vehicles and taken to the hospital, where he was placed in a medically-induced coma.

Vincent Jacobs, 22, is in critical condition, according to the Monroe County Sheriff's Office.

Deputies said Jacobs was using the crosswalk from the Pines of Perinton when he was struck by a car driving west. The impact left Jacobs in the eastbound lane, where he was stuck again by another vehicle.

The sheriff's office believes sun glare could have been a factor in the crash.”

http://twcne.ws/V2rBho?cid=twitter_TWCNewsROC … #ROC


Rescuers unable to see them due to sun glare >

2 Pilots Survived 21 Terrifying Hours in the Oceans of Hawaii | Newser

“David McMahon says he wasn't terribly afraid in the first minutes after the two-engine plane he had been flying crashed in Hawaiian waters en route from Oahu to the Big Island. After all, the 26-year-old tells Hawaii News Now of the July 13 accident, he and the plane's co-pilot, 23-year-old Sydnie Uemoto, had survived the crash and had called for assistance before they bailed out of the plane. Help would soon arrive, he thought. But what the pair ended up going through in the ocean soon brought his fears to the forefront, notes the , with a 21-hour ordeal that included McMahon's life vest getting punctured (meaning he had to tread water and swim), jellyfish stings, and being circled by a shark as rescue choppers and search planes passed them by, unable to see them due to the waves and sun glare even though they flew over the two at least 10 times…”

https://t.co/UEudZXLXP6


Sun glare suspected in left turn crash >

Victims in Two Separate Fatal Motorcycle Crashes Identified | TWC News

“Around 7 p.m., crews responded to Trimmer Road near West Ridge Road for a car and motorcycle accident.

Deputies say Joseph D'Agostino, 54, of Spencerport was driving his motorcycle east on Route 104 when a car turned in front of him. D'Agostino was transported to Strong Memorial Hospital where he was pronounced dead.

The driver of the car said she never saw the motorcycle. Deputies believe sun glare may have been a factor in the crash…”  

https://t.co/JJj9yixnJ5


Driver claims sun glare made traffic light hard to see >

Pastor killed, wife critically injured in motorcycle crash | NJ.com

“A pastor of a Bordentown Township church was killed and his wife critically injured Sunday night when their motorcycle collided with an SUV in Eastampton, police said.

The 7:55 p.m. crash occurred when Larry and Leslie House, both 57, were riding a motorcycle through the intersection of Woodlane and Smithville roads, police said.

Police say the investigation is ongoing, but it appears Susan Deserio, 62, of Pennsylvania, failed to stop at the red light and struck the couple with her Subaru Forester.

She told police she could not see because of the sun glare. Charges have not been filed yet…”

https://t.co/0CCkRivXko


Good tips here >

DriveTeam, Inc.@DriveTeamInc:  Dangers of driving into the sun. @AAANews https://t.co/TyoSoghrU4

“Driving on a beautiful sunny day can provide stunning scenery, but it can also create a hazard if the driver’s view is compromised by a glaring sun.

Just after sunrise and before sunset the sun can shine directly into drivers’ eyes, leaving many motorists driving with a glare. This glare can make it much harder to see the road ahead and potential hazards creating an added risk to drivers. When sun glare is an issue slow down and use extra caution especially while driving through school zones.

So how can you protect yourself? AAA offers these tips for motorists when driving into the sun:

  • Invest in polarized sunglasses – they can help reduce glare.
  • Utilize your sun visor – it can help to block out the sun.
  • Leave more following room – when the sun is in your eyes it can be hard to see what the car ahead is doing. This is one more time when it pays to leave more room between you and the next vehicle.
  • Drive with your headlights on to increase your visibility to other drivers

Additional tips:

  • Keep your windshield clean, inside and out
  • Check your windshield for pitting and cracks
  • Avoid storing papers or other items on the dashboard
  • If having a difficult time seeing the road, use lane markings to help guide you.

Rarely will visibility be absolutely perfect while driving, but if motorists know this and make the proper adjustments, you can minimize any additional risks that come with less-than-optimal visual conditions.”

http://bit.ly/2aECVzn


UPDATE: Police issue sun glare warning with pics of crunched-up car after crash in Witney | Oxford Mail

A car and bin lorry crashed in Witney

“POLICE officers urged drivers to take care in the sun's glare after a crash in central Witney this morning.

Thames Valley Police released dramatic images showing the crunched-up car, which appeared to have crashed with a Biffa lorry in Langdale Gate.”…

“Make sure your windscreens are clean inside and out with the low morning sun. Costly for this motorist.”…

https://t.co/0AVB2x7h7C 

Grey Cells @greycells:  It's that time of year again. The most predictable object in the solar system but still confounds some drivers.

> @SunPosition:  The sun may not seem so predictable in a dynamic environment such as driving. @greycells @vanpdf

Vancouver Pedestrian @vanpdf:  @SunPosition @greycells then blame driving for crashes instead of sun. Why design cities & roads to be "dynamic" if low sun happens 2x/day?

> @SunPosition:  @vanpdf @greycells Curves, corners, hills, shadows, etc., all play into the dynamics of driving in low bright sun.

Vancouver Pedestrian @vanpdf:  @sunposition @greycells These are driving problems, not sun problems. Sun isn’t the problem. Driving is.

> @SunPosition:  @vanpdf @greycells When you can see one second, and not the next, I would suggest it's the sun creating a driving problem.

> @SunPosition:  @vanpdf @greycells The sun rises and sets in the same direction only 2 days out of 365 per year. Moving target.

Vancouver Pedestrian @vanpdf:  @SunPosition @greycells lower speeds solve safety with low sun quite nicely. Hard to kill at 20, even if blinded. At 60, killing is default.

> @SunPosition:  @vanpdf @greycells Couldn't agree more. Lower speeds is a practical solution in pedestrian zones, not so much on highways.

Vancouver Pedestrian @vanpdf:  @sunposition @greycells Lower highway speeds work fine.  A world of difference between 60 km/h on the highway and 130 km/h on the highway.

Grey Cells @greycells:  @SunPosition Light & shadows on new routes tell you what's coming. Drivers habitual routes would not surprise. Everyday Absolution @vanpdf


Anyone else have their Forward Collision Warning System triggered by sunlight? Scares the daylights out of me (no pun intended).


Police warn of sun glare >

RT TVP Carterton ‏@TVP_Carterton: Make sure your windscreens are clean inside and out with the low morning sun. Costly for this motorist

https://t.co/8ZyM871V7N


Don't mix gasoline and alcohol. Ruins your engine - and tastes awful.


That flip-down thing above your windshield isn't for holding CDs, papers, etc. Keep it clear so you can use it as intended.


Scott Marshall @SafeDriver:  Driving into the sunset isn't as romantic as many think it is. Here's how to safely deal with glare; 

136

“Like most people, I enjoy having the bright sunshine compared to an overcast day anytime. Feeling the warmth on my face relaxes me and makes me happy…well, most of the time. Driving toward the bright sun isn’t always relaxing and driving into the sunset isn’t always romantic. Sometimes it can be blinding. Even though that’s the case there are a few things we can do to help make driving safer in those conditions.”… (Read on at link below)

https://t.co/YkzqyJqCwC


Blind leading blind >

Two vehicles leave highway at end of 103 near Yarmouth | NovaNewsNow 

“A blinding sun is being blamed for an accident early Monday evening in which two vehicles drove off the end of Highway 103 in Yarmouth County.”…

“The vehicles – one with Ontario licence plates, the other from Pennsylvania – were heading west on the 103 when they apparently were blinded by the sun and didn’t realize they were at the end of the highway, the chief said.

The sun was low enough that they didn’t see the signs and they just drove basically right off the highway,” he said.”…

https://t.co/fHeHZwWlj4


Interesting "Smart Windshield" research >

University of Florida Transportation Institute

…”“Smart Windshield” – a windshield that becomes darker when is in contact with the sun’s ultra violet light. It will become part of the Automated Vehicle Technologies Implementation project. Sun glare has become a natural threat for all drivers by reducing their visibility and increasing their perception reaction time (interval of time between the appearance of an unknown obstacle and the driver’s initiation of action). This project focuses on reducing the vehicle crashes caused by sun glare by installing photochromic molecules (clear molecules that become darker when they are in contact with the sun’s ultra violet light) in the car’s windshield. The expected result of this project is to improve the driver’s vision by reducing the effects of disability glare (reduction in visibility caused by the presence of a light source in the eyes2,3) and improving their perception-reaction time”…

https://t.co/hmgybEzotb


Pics obviously taken later, sunrise was at 6:40 >

Man dead, two injured, in TTC bus crash – CityNews | via @CityNews

TTC, crash, fatal

(photo source: CP24.com)

”One man is dead and two people are in hospital after a two-vehicle crash in the city’s northeast end.

A car rear-ended a TTC bus in the southbound lanes of Warden Avenue, near Finch Avenue, around 6:40 a.m. on Tuesday.

A 26-year-old man was pronounced dead at the scene. He was sitting in the backseat of the car at the time of the crash.”…

https://t.co/mK94Ns4qVH 

DriveSmartBC: @DriveSmartBC @SunPosition Possibly rear seat passenger unbelted and collided with front seat passenger? Lifespace in car still intact...

> @SunPosition: @DriveSmartBC Sounds likely. Unbuckled passengers are a hazard to not only themselves, but to others in the car.


We're approaching that time of year again when low sun coincides with morning and afternoon commutes. Sunglasses & visors ready.

> @SunPosition:  Hey Kevin. Thank you kindly for the RT. @SF_KevinG

@SF_KevinG: You're welcome, Ralph! Thanks for such great expert content.

> @SunPosition:  Wow, thank YOU.


J. Peter Donald @JPeterDonald:  @NYPDSpecialops is at Pier 79. They have pulled numerous kayakers from the water after getting hit by a ferry

https://t.co/2pHNcyEF0l

Police look into whether sun glare was factor in kayak crash | CNBC

“Authorities are looking into whether sun glare was a factor in an accident in which a ferry departing a pier slammed into a group of kayakers, critically injuring one and knocking some into the Hudson River.

Ten people in eight kayaks were paddling down the river on Tuesday evening on a sunset excursion when they were struck by a NY Waterway ferry, New York Police Department Inspector David Driscoll said.”…

“Authorities don't know what caused the crash but said they were investigating whether sun glare played a role.

"When you're driving the same thing happens," Driscoll said. "When that sun is low in the sky you get a glare condition, and where you get blinded on the road sometimes the same conditions could exist on the water."”…

https://t.co/Q9nszQjmMv


Cheers, Ralph

Sun/Shade & Urban Development – August 2016

The following relate to urban development and urban design in general, and to specific projects with sun/shade issues in particular. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition


Part of a massive proposed Toronto development at The Well to sell for $180 million | via @buzzbuzzhome

the-well-condos

“A large portion of “one of the few remaining developable sites in downtown Toronto” is selling for $180 million, say the property’s current owners.

RioCan, Allied and Diamondcorp announced today plans to sell most of the future residential elements of The Well — a major mixed-use community proposed for a 7.67-acre parcel of land at Front Street West and Spadina Avenue — to Tridel and Woodbourne.

The site’s development plans, which the City is still currently reviewing, include 1.43 million square feet of proposed residential space spread across both condos and rental apartments. In all, it will feature 3,000,000 square feet of mixed-use development with offices and retail units as well…”

https://t.co/VVnMmDhR4Q

Proud to be part this project team!


82-Unit Affordable Rental Development Planned Near Casa Loma | via @urban_toronto

“Almost 8 years after the City of Toronto's Planning Department recommended approval of an 82-unit affordable housing development located at 200 Madison Avenue in Toronto's Casa Loma area. To be called Madison View, revised plans for the site have been put into motion with a recent application for Site Plan Approval from Madison View Homes Inc., after funding issues scuppered the previous plan.

Vacant for nearly 10 years, the site was the location for an April 27, 2015 event attended by Mayor John Tory, who vowed to fast-track affordable housing across the city. A Request for Proposal for Development and Operation of Affordable Rental Housing was submitted a few weeks after that announcement, followed by an application last week for a new design by McKnight Charron Limited Architects…”

“The project is being funded by all levels of government alongside developer Madison View Homes, which was incorporated for the sole purpose of developing the site. Parent company Mahogany Management has been developing commercial buildings in Southern Ontario since 1990, and has now has 16 years experience developing affordable and supportive rental housing. It is contributing $7 million of the costs, which is being matched by the Government of Canada. The Government of Ontario is contributing $6.2 million, while the City of Toronto is contributing $5.5 million in the form of land and waived development fees and property taxes…”

https://t.co/m7mZCTDoc0

Proud to be part this project team!


RT Mike CollinsWilliams @mikejcw Toronto's CBD continues to expand beyond traditional boundaries w future projects planned on King W by @AlliedREIT

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/Cqj39Z9WAAAqLnk.jpg


Locals worry that Inwood rezoning will create permanent shadow | via @trdny

Inwood_Manhattan_NYC[1]

“Central Park is no longer the only place where locals fear that tall towers will cast long shadows. Shade is being thrown all over NYC. In Inwood, a new zoning proposal has residents fearful of new tall buildings creating a permanent shadow.

The city’s Economic Development Corporation saw opposition at a recent hearing to discuss the controversial plan to rezone Inwood.

According to DNAinfo, locals said the agency’s plans would allow new high rises to grow along Broadway. They say that if those buildings are developed it would plunge existing buildings along Park Terrace East into darkness because of the area’s steep grade…”

https://t.co/5QEL1zhNUc


Residents fight to save schoolyard sunshine in condo battle | via @torontostar

Lyndon Morley, wife Susannah and son Rowan, 8, are among those opposed to a proposed 38-storey condo tower they fear will leave the nearby Church Street Junior Public School in the shadows.

A proposed development at 411 Church St., left, is shown in an artist's rendering, beside another tower on Carlton St. that has already been approved.

“Canada’s largest school board is fighting a proposed condo development in the downtown core that threatens to leave a local elementary school in the shadows.

The 38-storey mixed-use building slated to be built at Church and Wood Sts., at the southern end of the Church-Wellesley Village, would cast a shadow on the nearby Church Street Junior Public School, prompting the Toronto District School Board to join those battling to save the sunshine for the elementary school students…”

“The OMB, the province’s quasi-judicial body that handles land and planning disputes, will decide the fate of 411 Church St. in the coming months following a two-day hearing this week. The space is currently used as a parking lot.

At the hearing, the city, which is leading the fight to save the sun, put forward an altered, 25-storey design. Their model is intended to limit the shadow mostly within that of existing buildings and, notably, within the shadow to be cast by a 37-storey tower going up at 70 and 72 Carlton St. — next door to the proposed building…” (Proud to be part of the Carlton project team!)

https://t.co/JSS9bzNgMu


Here is every GTA high-rise and mid-rise condo development launching in fall 2016 | via @buzzbuzzhome

See here for full list - https://t.co/y6TRYzkLxG

Excerpt below - 75 on the Esplanade by Carttera Private Equities and Harhay Developments - a project team we are proud to be a part of!

75ontheesplanade_rendering


Shadow concerns >

New Shops and Apartments Planned for West Bridgford | West Bridgford Wire

“Plans to demolish the building for new shops and apartments have been lodged.

The plans propose nine (9) one bedroom flats/maisonettes and 125 square metres of trading space for retail use.

One comment has been received against the proposals from a local resident – here is a brief summary;

‘The new build will be very over bearing to my property. The footprint of the new build is much larger than the current build extending out beyond the existing property boundaries. The proposed build moves closer to my boundary and consequently to my house, extends much further at the back of my property and will tower over my home. This will be an imposing building when compared to my home and the existing property and will negatively impact me in a number of ways.

The build will cast a shadow over my house for many more hours in the day than I currently experience depriving me of light and making the inside of my home darker. This will cause me to use artificial lighting for longer which will both cost me additional money and have a negative impact on the environment because of increased use of electricity…””

https://t.co/vLzmXNZWM4


Cheers, Ralph

Miscellaneous “Sun & Shadow” Items – August 2016

The following are miscellaneous sun, shade, solar and solar energy facts and comments. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition


Our monthly sunrise/sunset tables have been updated.
http://www.sunposition.com/tables.html

The science of shadows and solar panels | InfraCircle

The science of shadows and solar panels

“What happens when shadow falls on a solar panel?

Imagine a multi-lane expressway with automobiles moving at high speeds without any congestion. A solar panel consists of a number of cells, which are comparable to the expressway lanes. When solar radiation falls on these cells, free electrons are released because of the photovoltaic effect and move around in the circuit (like the automobiles) in the form of an electric current. These cells are connected in series to form a string and a number of such strings are connected in parallel to form a panel.

Now if an obstacle casts a shadow on one cell, the photovoltaic effect is cut off, blocking the path of all the electrons from all the cells in that string. This is similar to a large fissure appearing in one of the lanes on the highway. All the automobiles in that lane would create congestion similar to the entire string of cells rendered useless because of the shadow. This creates enormous stress on the entire panel as a hot spot is formed due to accumulation of electrons. This may have a propagative effect, if not rectified, and can destroy the entire panel over time. Similarly, if the crack is not repaired, it will propagate into other lanes and soon the cascading effect will lead to utter chaos on an impassable expressway. The actual physics behind this phenomenon is slightly more complicated, but the comparison above could give an idea of the same.

How do shadows affect RTPV systems?

After having interacted with numerous RTPV consumers, it was observed that most of the complaints were about systems generating less revenue than expected. Subsequent site visits showed that a majority of these RTPV systems were poorly designed and did not account for shadows. Consumers, who had not been informed about the adverse impacts of shadows, had been criticising the distribution utilities for foul play when in fact, their own RTPV systems were generating less electricity.

In India, RTPV systems should face true south and any nearby obstacle, including neighbouring buildings, trees, poles and wires, should be factored into the designing phase. Nearby objects such as water tanks, clothes lines, adjacent buildings and poles cast darker shadows compared with obstacles which are at a fair distance. Shadows from the latter category and thin wires do not cause much hindrance because sunlight tends to diffuse around them and compensate. However, caution should be exercised while designing a RTPV system. Another aspect of shadows is that they are not static. They follow the sun’s trajectory, thereby becoming shorter in their span during summer and longer during winter for any particular time of the day. Hence, it is essential to calculate the area covered by shadows throughout the year for optimal RTPV system design…”

https://t.co/nRQyWW0Zvv


Toronto dips to under 14 hrs of daylight after Aug 14. Still not too shabby.


Watch the sun rise in line with Toronto streets tomorrow morning. Torontohenge Aug 23 - 6:32 AM


To assist earthquake rescuers, we have posted a sunrise/sunset table for Amatrice Italy - https://t.co/MIvUJdSxE0


There are just over 13 hrs daylight available in the Italy Earthquake area to the end of this month. Rise ~6:30, set ~19:45 local time.


RT CanSIA @CanadianSIA Solar Power sculpture could desalinate 1.5 billion gallons of drinking water for California | Independent

the-pipe-santa-monica.jpg

“Is it public art, or is it a power station? This shimmering design for “The Pipe”, a finalist in the 2016 Land Art Generator Initiative (LAGI), is intended to blur the lines between the two. Imagined here as a floating installation off the coast of Santa Monica, California, the Pipe is an electromagnetic desalination device, powered by the sun. It also looks great on the horizon…”

https://t.co/PTj9BwLsGb

> Genius! Oakland California also saw a solar billboard / artwork designed for SunChips. @CanadianSIA -
https://t.co/H6TRrF7HJj

time-lapse video here - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OMD7YJ2UqsQ


Industry groups call for national plan for energy-efficient buildings | Construction Canada

Eleven organizations urge the federal government to implement a national plan for energy-efficient buildings in Canada, which will see all new construction to be nearly zero energy by 2030. Photo courtesy Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC)

“Eleven organizations, including the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada (RAIC), Passive House Canada, and the Canadian Energy Efficiency Alliance (CEEA), are calling on the federal government to implement a national plan for improving the energy efficiency of the country’s buildings…”

https://t.co/UGjS9oy0V7


My twitter header photo is of the Air India Flight 182 memorial sundial in Toronto that I had the honour of designing.


Cheers, Ralph

Monday, August 1, 2016

Sun Glare While Driving – July 2016

The following relate to the dangers of sun glare while driving, and traffic safety in general. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition


RT Nicole Augenti, ESQ. @Nicole1515

$TSLA Breaking out the ole 'sun glare" defense –>

Regulators Open Investigation Into Fatal Crash in Tesla

U.S. regulators are investigating a fatal accident involving a Tesla Motors Inc. sedan that was driving on autopilot, drawing scrutiny to a key technology the electric-vehicle maker is betting on for the future of self-driving cars.

The crash involved a 40-year-old Ohio man who was killed when his 2015 Model S drove under the trailer of an 18-wheeler on a highway near Williston, Florida, according to a Florida Highway Patrol statement..

The details of the accident are likely to add fuel to the debate over whether self-driving cars are ready for the real world. Autopilot didn’t notice the white side of the tractor trailer against a brightly lit sky, so the brake wasn’t applied, said Tesla, which reported the May 7 incident to National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. In a blog post, Tesla said that the fatal crash is the first known fatality in more than 130 million miles of Autopilot driving….

http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-06-30/nhtsa-opens-investigation-into-fatal-crash-in-tesla-on-autopilot



RT Ignition Interlock @LifeSafer

Summer Driving in B.C. Can Be Deadly | LifeSafer of Canada 

 safe summer driving in BC

No one likes to put a damper on summer. Few things in life are as welcome as the season of sun and fun. But the season invariably comes with a warning: summer is the most dangerous time to be on British Columbia roads…

http://bit.ly/29KFkta 


Toronto city council approves its first ever road safety plan |  CBC News

hi-bike-lanes3-852-8col

Toronto city council approved a road safety plan on Thursday that sets an ambitious goal of reducing the number of road fatalities to zero.

Mayor John Tory applauded the five-year plan, saying it is the first of its kind in the city.

"What we've got here is many, many preventable deaths," Tory said.

The plan would reduce the speed limits on several downtown streets. Other proposals include better enforcement of the speed limit in school and construction zones — and doubling the fines for speeding and other infractions in school zones.

Council, as part of the plan, intends to ask the Ontario government to ban pedestrians from using handheld wireless devices while crossing the street…

https://t.co/ay1vc0NYYP


RT Eugenia Ambrozaitis @ReconGeniTPS: @CatlinWells Once automatic transmissions became the norm, the art of driving was lost. Not surprising to see widespread distracted driving

> @ReconGeniTPS @CatlinWells Totally agree! And 'safer' and 'smarter' cars make distracted driving way too easy.


Cheers, Ralph

Sun/Shade & Urban Development – July 2016

The following relate to urban development and urban design in general, and to specific projects with sun/shade issues in particular. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition


Toronto's Buildings are Designed for the Sun | Torontoist

Photo by Chris Toms from the Torontoist Flickr Pool.

Developers must prove to the City their buildings still let the sun shine.

Here’s an interesting thought experiment: imagine Toronto without zoning regulations. In particular, imagine it without the “built-form envelopes”—essentially, invisible 3D forms that rise above every plot of land in the city—within which developers and architects must constrain their designs and ambitions.

It’s hard to know what wonders and monstrosities such a carte blanche would permit...

The need for natural light (and even the occasional cheek-warming blast direct from our nearest star) doesn’t generally require a lot of justification. For our collective wish to avoid a purgatory of darkness and to often have a good excuse to wear sunglasses, the City offers the phrase “pedestrian comfort,” which is a broad piece of lingo that also encompasses wind tunnel effects and accessibility. Clearly, pedestrian comfort is its own reward, and the rationale for sunshine needs no more nuance than that; instead, all the subtlety goes into implementation...

City planners start to care about sunlight and shade at exactly the same moment when everyone else does— as soon as the time we spend outside isn’t spent rushing to go back inside. Whenever a developer brings a design for a new building to the City for approval, they have to show how the extent of the building’s shadow on three specific days [PDF]: March 21, June 21, and September 21—the spring and fall equinoxes and the summer solstice. The former are the two days in the year when day and night are equal, and the latter is the longest day of the year...

Not all shadows are created equal. “They are all site-specific and context-driven,” says Parakh. In parts of the city reserved for tall buildings, a long shadow might not add much to the overall penumbra. But if a developer wants to throw shade on Nathan Phillip’s Square, for example, as was the case with the proposed 90-storey Sapphire Tower near Bay and Adelaide, City councillors might just put the kibosh to it.

Outside of the tall building zones on the city’s avenues, the primary purpose of shadow studies is to ensure that light reaches the opposite sidewalk when it’s traveling toward the earth at a 45-degree angle, which guarantees sunshine at noon. Practically, that means that the building can’t be taller than 80 per cent of the width of the right-of-way, a technical term that includes the street and both sidewalks. So the height limit varies, but usually it translates to about four or five storeys tall. Developers can build higher than that if they want to, but in order to continue to allow the light past, they have to step back each successive storey by three metres.

But it’s not like sunshine is an unmitigated good. Personally, I don’t like the way it makes my face scrunch up. For people like me, Parakh offers this reassurance: “Don’t forget that people always have a choice,” he says. “When it’s an east-west street and you don’t want sunlight, you can always walk on the opposite side of the street.” In most of Toronto, the sun is a decision you make at the crosswalk.

https://t.co/EU1TZLa6JA


My early shadow studies were done using a handheld programmable calculator, protractor, scale ruler, and pencil.

Oh, and an eraser.


59-Storey Mixed-Use Tower Proposed at 100 Simcoe Street | via @urban_toronto

100 Simcoe, Toronto, by Sun Life Assurance, Diamond Schmitt

Another high-rise tower has been proposed for Toronto's Entertainment District, with a rezoning application submitted to the City to allow a 59-storey building at 100 Simcoe Street…

Submitted on behalf of Sun Life Assurance Company of Canada, the proposal features a design by Toronto's Diamond Schmitt Architects

https://t.co/eABw9cGNMS


13th and Lonsdale tower goes to public hearing |  via @NorthShoreNews

Hollyburn

A 190-foot tower slated for the west side of the 1300-block of Lonsdale Avenue is heading to public hearing, likely this September.

The Hollyburn Properties project breezed through council recently – despite misgiving from at least two councillors.

“I think the impact, in terms of the 18-storey request, is too high for that particular site,” Bell said…

While there are concerns over height, the tower would have very little shadow impact on the city plaza, according to a staff report...

Most residents who have weighed in on the development “were not supportive” of anything taller than 15 storeys on the site, according to a staff report. “Generally, staff find the proposed height and density to be suitable in this location though note that there is significant public concern with regard to the application,” wrote city planner Michael Epp...

https://t.co/4XHuyAFIWn


RT TalkCondo @TalkCondo These are the best new condos at Yonge & Eglinton. @FreedCorp well represented here

The Yonge & Eglinton neighbourhood is one of the fastest growing neighbourhoods in Toronto.  The Eglinton LRT is currently under construction and when it opens in 2020, the line will intersect the Yonge Line to make Yonge & Eglinton a major transit hub on par with Yonge & Bloor.

Both commercial and condo developers have been quick to jump in and the pending developments will completely transform the neighbourhood in what we believe will be one of the most sought after areas to live for years to come.

Yonge & Eglinton also attracts a number of families, primarily because of the excellent schools in the neighbourhood (and some of the best in the GTA) including North Toronto Collegiate Institute.

Below are our top new condo projects coming to Yonge & Eglinton...

http://www.talkcondo.com/blog/best-new-condos-yonge-eglinton/


RT Eric Fischer @enf First shadow study? Jan '61 rezoning denied for 105' bldg that would "make the neighborhood arctic in climate"


Check out our weekly news summary

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Cheers, Ralph

Miscellaneous “Sun & Shadow” Items – July 2016

 

The following are miscellaneous sun, shade, solar and solar energy facts and comments. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition


Our monthly sunrise/sunset tables have been updated.
http://www.sunposition.com/tables.html


At what time of day does UV peak? Check here for info and tips. https://t.co/SKQPcJz8YJ


Manhattanhenge: New York's most spectacular sunset | MSN Weather

A view of the 'Manhattanhenge' sunset from Hunters Point South Park, July 11, 2016 in the Queens borough of New York City.

https://t.co/SFGa4MUTX9


Rio sunrise /sunset times | SunPosition.com

image

view original - https://t.co/HHGSCl80BA


Cheers, Ralph

Friday, July 15, 2016

Sun Glare While Driving – June 2016

The following relate to the dangers of sun glare while driving, and traffic safety in general. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition


Avoiding Pinellas County Pedestrian Injuries | Dolman Law Group

Pedestrian On Zebra In Motion Blur

Pinellas County pedestrian injuries from crashes totaled 384 in 2013, the last year of complete available statistics. The same year there were 26 fatalities reported…

What makes Pinellas pedestrian injuries so commonplace is the fact that there are a large numbers of pedestrians in hazardous areas…

What are some measures one can take to avoid pedestrian injuries caused by a motor vehicle?

  • Do not cross between crosswalks. A car traveling at 50 MPH covers the length of a football field in the time it takes the average pedestrian to cover 12 feet. A driver’s stopping distance at that speed.is around 200 feet with a quick reaction time and good brakes.
  • Wear light or reflective clothing if you must to walk at night. Consider carrying a flash light.
  • Avoid walking when the sun is close to the horizon. Many pedestrian injuries occur due to sun glare.
  • Always walk facing oncoming traffic. If a distracted driver should swerve toward you, you will have time to get out of the way.
  • Pay attention to the walk/don’t walk signs. Wait until you have a fresh timed start. Do not rush to cross after the timer has been running. If you should get stranded at the divider, remain there until the next signal. Do not try to beat the traffic.
  • Beware of cars making a right turn on red from behind you. Do not assume they see you and will yield. The drivers are often focused to their left for approaching vehicles.
  • Never cross an intersection diagonally. .
  • Make sure that traffic comes to a full stop before crossing at a light. Do not assume that they will not run the light. Once again beware of the distracted drivers.

https://t.co/ZKT5KIQx52


Steps to take if driving in bright sun | MetroLaw

Most people would rather drive on a sunny day than one in which rain, snow, or ice is pouring down. Unfortunately, many issues can come about when driving in bright sun. If you don't take the right approach, your vision could be compromised, thus increasing the chance of an accident.

While bright sun can impact your vision at any time of the day, this is most likely to occur during the early morning and late evening hours.

Here are some of the steps you can take to protect yourself, thus reducing the chance of causing an accident:

-- Wear a pair of high quality sunglasses.

-- Make good use of your sun visor.

-- Leave more space between you and any vehicles you are following.

-- Leave your headlights on, as this makes it easier for other drivers to see you.

Along with the above, it's important to keep your windshield clean and remove any reflective items from your dash.

Driving conditions are very rarely 100 percent perfect, but that doesn't mean you have an excuse to make mistakes on the road.

If sun glare is a problem, make sure you have a solution. If it is too bright for you to drive, pull over and wait a few minutes. Soon enough, the sun will have adjusted and you will be able to hit the road once again.

Remember this: Even if you are skilled at driving in the sun and have a plan for avoiding an accident, it could still cause another driver to make a poor decision.

https://t.co/ZwTCQyDUMg


State College police identify man killed in crash | Centre Daily Times

A damaged truck involved in the crash sits in the roadway. A crash involving multiple vehicles happened early in the morning Monday along Route 45 in Harris Township.

State College police provided additional details into Monday’s fatal crash on Earlystown Road in Harris Township.

According to Lt. Keith Robb, the investigation revealed that Barbara Dean, 51, of Boalsburg, was traveling eastbound on Earlystown at about 6:40 a.m. when she experienced a “glare issue” and crossed the yellow lines into oncoming traffic. She then struck two vehicles — a Peterbilt dump truck, driven by Robert Queen, 58, of Irvona; and a Chevrolet Silverado, driven by Andrew Gill, 25, of Kreamer.

After being struck, Robb said, Queen lost control of his truck, crossed into oncoming traffic and crashed into a Saturn sedan driven by William Steven Smiles, 47, of Centre Hall. The truck then rolled onto its side.

Centre County Coronor Scott Sayers pronounced Smiles dead at the scene, Robb said…

https://t.co/tXKXOnGY2K


Sun cause of crash, motorcyclist says | Brainerd Dispatch

The blinding sun was the cause of a motorcycle crash on Highway 25 Sunday, according to the motorcyclist.

The Crow Wing County Sheriff's Office reported at 12:22 p.m. Sunday, 33-year-old Robert Allen Collison was injured when his motorcycle veered into the ditch and crashed on Highway 25 south of Thiesse Road...

https://t.co/IVzp1OLXgD


Some great advice here >

"8 Easy Ways to Reduce Sunshine Glare on Your Windshield" via @thenewswheel

sunshine glare on windshield

We’ve all experienced it at some point: you’re driving down the road and make a turn when the setting/rising sun casts a blinding glare across your windshield, making it nearly impossible to see. Not only is this situation incredibly frustrating, it’s also very dangerous. In those moments, we panic and scramble to make it easier to see.

But what can you do to enhance your visibility and prevent sun glare on your windshield? Here are eight important steps to make driving in the sunshine safer…

Read on for details… https://t.co/xxXLhTeT6F


@SafeDriver This also helps you keep your eyes off your phone and on the road.

https://t.co/6WLGY4NZW3


RT Shane O'Connor ‏@oconnorshane: Rear seat passengers are three times more likely to die in a crash if not wearing seat belt.

> @oconnorshane @PublicSafetyNL Not only that, unbuckled passengers are a hazard to other passengers in a crash.


Sun glare difficult to deal with when rounding curve >

Fatal-crash driver says she was blinded by sun | Mayo News

A Westport woman had pleaded not guilty to a charge of careless driving causing the death of a 67-year-old cyclist in January 2015...

Matt Walsh of Knockrooskey, Westport, was killed when the car Ms O’Rourke was driving went into the back of a bicycle Mr Walsh was cycling at Gurteen, Aughagower, Westport on the morning of January 10, 2015...

Ms O’Rourke told the court she was ‘blinded’ by the glare of the low sun that morning just before she hit Mr Walsh...

Garda Denis Egan was the first garda on the scene. He said Ms O’Rourke told him ‘the sun was shining in my eyes’ and that ‘I didn’t see him’. He added that at 12.05pm he noticed his view was ‘caught by the strong glare’ of the sun.

Two days later Garda Egan went back to the scene at the same time of the accident to examine the area in similar weather conditions. He said his view was ‘immediately caught by the glare of the sun’. He said he found it ‘hard to see’ his garda colleague Darran Conlon due south from him due to the glare from the sun, even though Garda Conlon was wearing a high visibility jacket.

Garda Egan took a statement from Ms O’Rourke two days after the accident. She told him she was ‘completely blinded’ as she took the right-hand bend before the point of impact...

https://t.co/RV6kNas3CX


Local Optometrist says there are ways to combat the glare of the sun while driving | WDAY News

It's happened to the best of drivers; a summer day and the glare from the sun makes it almost impossible to see.

It's an inevitable thing but there are ways that you can make you, and everyone else around you, a little safer.

Eye Doctors recommend getting a pair of polarized sunglasses, which specifically is used to help against glare from the sun.

The time of day makes a significant impact on how bad the glare is, but it's always a good idea to try and take steps to minimize risk.

"Evening driving, morning driving, dusk and dawn. That level of glare really causes a hazard for us and so if we can reduce that glare; increase our reaction time by seeing things it just improves the safety of things by a long shot," says Dr. Mike Rexine, Optometrist at Eyes on Broadway.

Eye Doctors also suggest to utilize your sun visor or a brim of a cap can help block the sun, too.

https://t.co/Lgjw37PsrT


5 cities Toronto could copy to improve road safety | CBC News

Mayor John Tory wants to bring pedestrian fatalities to a halt, with zero by 2021.

Sixteen pedestrians have been killed on Toronto streets in 2016.

That's 16 more people than John Tory would like. His aim is to bring those pedestrian fatalities to a halt, with zero by 2021…

Here's a look at how five other cities implemented the traffic safety plans…

Read on… https://t.co/8exXMmxEsG


Pedestrians have 90% chance of surviving collision if vehicle going 30 kph or less, but only 10% if over 50 kph

source: https://t.co/8exXMmxEsG


RT Traffic Scotland ‏@trafficscotland: Good morning Scotland! Low sun glare in many areas. Please take care and Stay Safe.

> Hope that's not the exit you were looking for...

https://t.co/ysKFpNQPYV


Read our weekly news summary “Sun Glare and Driving” at:   http://paper.li/SunPosition/1376354290


Cheers, Ralph