Wednesday, September 23, 2015

Road Warrior: Seasonal blind spots easily turn deadly

Road Warrior:

Seasonal blind spots easily turn deadly

Article re-printed from the "The Record" September 20, 2015.
"The Record"  ( is hereby acknowledged for the content.
© 2015 All Rights Reserved. North Jersey Media Group

By John Cichowski

Record Columnist | THE RECORD

An interesting article that references our firm and the type of work we do.  Thank you to John for the interview.

How ugly can sun glare get as autumn approaches?

"Just backing out of my driveway renders me blind," complained Hawthorne's Ken Ross. "Cars coming up behind me on Utter Avenue usually drive waaaay too fast!"

Clifton crossing guard Paula Kurtz said the glare is so severe on her West 2nd Street and 6th Avenue corner that "sometimes I can't see my kids" across the street. "I tell children to wait until I can focus and make sure no cars are coming before I cross them."

Crossing guards probably have it worse than any of us. Just last week, Jo Ann Hans was severely injured at the New Bridge Road crosswalk near Westminster Avenue in Bergenfield while ushering worshipers to Congregation Beth Abraham. Police listed sun glare as a contributing factor in the accident. Sun glare also contributed to the 2012 death of Little Ferry crossing guard Joseph Dotterman, who was helping a 70-year-old cross Mehrhof Road. It was a factor, too, in the critical injuries sustained by Cresskill crossing guard Ned Visich in 2012.

Besides crossing guards, Sol is given at least partial blame for serious North Jersey pedestrian crashes involving joggers, shoppers, schoolchildren and at least one trash collector: Ronald Fisher, who was killed on Godwin Avenue in Ridgewood in 1995.

Glare is believed to have played a role, too, in the death of Robert Carroll, killed crossing Essex Street in Hackensack near his Leigh Street apartment in 2011. It was blamed for injuries sustained by a woman and her 2-year-old granddaughter in the parking lot of a a Walmart in Riverdale in 2009 and two 12-year-olds on their way to middle school in New Milford.

Although federal highway safety authorities don't keep track of sun-glare deaths, some estimates place the national figure at more than 200. These crashes start to pick up in September when the sun rises almost exactly east and sets almost exactly west, so the sun is low enough at the horizon to zap drivers directly in the eyes. It happens again in early spring. But predicting exactly where and when Sol will blind you can be tricky. Anomalies abound.

Reverse glare

While going east to the George Washington Bridge in the afternoon, for example, motorists sometimes face reverse glare from The Modern, the high-rise glass residential tower recently built in Fort Lee, which bounces the rays into their eyes as the sun sets. The Modern is not the only example of danger for motorists driving away from the sun.

"The glare in front of you can wash out the brake lights of the car ahead of you," explained Ralph Bauwmeester [sic], an engineer whose Ontario consultancy advises police, lawyers, accident reconstructionists and motorists about sun-glare issues at

Drivers can't always count on sound walls to protect them from the sun either. Some motorists complain about glare coming through the clear, acrylic panels at the top of the walls on Route 3 in Lyndhurst.

Here are more North Jersey locations that often draw sun-glare complaints:

  • Going from Paramus Road in Paramus to reach Route 4, called Broadway, is "almost impossible without sun glare because of constant traffic flow," said Ridgewood's Arlene Murphy. "But with sun glare starting around 7:30 in the morning, I literally cannot see anything."
  • Eastbound on Passaic Street approaching Burton Avenue in Hasbrouck Heights "requires looking directly into the sun as you reach the crosswalk at the crest of the hill," said Jeanette DeGennaro. "If you combine this with distracted driving, it's a recipe for accidents and worse."
  • On Cedar Lane eastbound in Teaneck around 7 a.m., "I can block the sun with my left arm, but even worse is the glare bouncing off the shop windows on my right," said Dave Boesch.
  • Beech Street near Hackensack High School is the place where blinding glare prompted David Beyer to quickly turn right onto Comet Way. It's also the place where a cop gave him a ticket for going the wrong way on Comet, a one-way street.
  • Glare can be found almost anywhere on Route 80, said Conrad Macina of Mount Arlington, especially near Route 15 in the afternoon.
  • Eastbound on Clinton Avenue in Bergenfield near the middle school is Patricia DiLorenzo's scariest place to drive. Glare caused her car to be hit from the rear there. "I was taken away by ambulance, but not seriously hurt," reported the Maywood reader.
  • While heading west out of Liberty State Park in Jersey City just before sunset to the New Jersey Turnpike, the sun is so strong that it makes searching for an exit nearly impossible, said Pat Kinney.

"What can a driver do?" asked the Leonia reader.

Here are some tips from Bauwmeester [sic] and others:

"Put your visor down and have your Polarized sunglasses within reach," said the Canadian expert. "Don't keep other stuff attached to your visor, because it's likely that you won't use it when you need it because you'll be afraid it'll fall in your lap."

Conrad Macina thinks he knows why many male motorists don't use visors.

"They think they're effeminate," he observed. "They're not. They help. I'd rather be thought of as a girly-girl than deadly dead."

Steve Carellas of the National Motorists Association suggested keeping a backup visor in the car: a baseball cap.

Clean windshields

AAA recommended slowing down and turning on headlights to improve visibility for oncoming motorists. The automobile club also suggested regularly cleaning windshields. Avoid vinyl cleaners, too, because they give dashboards a glossy finish that increases glare, said the experts.

Many readers suggested leaving work a bit early or late to avoid sunny danger. Patricia DiLorenzo, the driver who fears Passaic Street in Hasbrouck Heights, said she uses her flashers as she waits at lights or approaches dangerous intersections. Under glare conditions, Jeanette DeGennaro leaves more space between her car and the one ahead.

Accident reconstructionist Rich Pedersen offered this practical advice for blocking Sol's dangerous glare: "Get behind an 18-wheeler or a large truck," recommended the Bergenfield reader.

Now that he's finished keeping us warm and tan at the Jersey Shore, our old friend Sol is turning ugly again as he shifts his blinding gaze to New Jersey's east-west roadways.

Link to original story:

Cheers, Ralph

How the city decides who can cast a long shadow


Sunny Side of the Street

Article re-printed from "Spacing" Spring 2015 issue.
"Spacing"  ( is hereby acknowledged for the content.
© 2015 All Rights Reserved.

by Glyn Bowerman

An interesting article that references our firm and the type of work we do.  Thank you to Glyn for the interview.

Click the images to enlarge.



Cheers, Ralph

Torontohenge, When the Sun lines up


When the Sun lines up

Article re-printed from "Spacing" Spring 2015 issue.
"Spacing"  ( is hereby acknowledged for the content.
© 2015 All Rights Reserved.

by Glyn Bowerman

An interesting article that references our firm and the type of work we do.  Thank you to Glyn for the interview.

Click the images to enlarge.


Spacing Mag - torontohenge

Cheers, Ralph

Tuesday, September 1, 2015

Sun Glare While Driving – August 2015

The following relate to the dangers of sun glare while driving, and traffic safety in general. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Read our weekly news summary “Sun Glare and Driving” at:

6 Tips for Managing Sun Glare While Driving | ChipsAway

Rarely will visibility be perfect while driving, but the British summertime’s often sporadic weather conditions – raining one minute and sunny the next – can often present a challenge.

Low morning and evening sun combined with wet roads is a hazardous combination that can lead to accidents. Because of this, the ChipsAway team have compiled a list of the most effective, easy to use tips to manage sun glare while driving.

  • Slow down
  • The humble sun visor
  • Don’t forget your sunglasses
  • Dip your headlights
  • Spring clean your windscreen
  • Follow the marked lanes

full article -

Drivers, be sure of light colour >

Blinding sun causes head-on collision | St George News

Santa Clara-Ivins Police responded to an incident at the intersection of Santa Clara Drive and Canyon View Drive Saturday at around 8 p.m. after the sun temporarily blinded a driver, causing a collision.

A woman in her 60s, driving a dark gray Lexus west on Santa Clara Drive, told police the sun was in her eyes, Santa Clara Police officer Chad Holt said, making her unable to clearly see ahead as she went through what she thought was a green light.

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Sun glare, beware: Neighborhood smash-up occurs in early morning sun blast | St George News

Early morning sun was cited as the main contributing factor in an accident on a neighborhood street in Santa Clara Thursday morning, and while the accident was relatively minor, it serves as a reminder that glare from the sun or even headlights at night can create very hazardous driving conditions.

Reports of the accident came in at about 8:20 a.m., Santa Clara-Ivins Police Department spokesman Chad Holt said.

A 78-year-old Santa Clara man was driving east on Crestview Drive with the rising sun in his eyes, Holt said. When the man came to a slight bend in the road, he could not see the road and drove into a parked vehicle at full speed…

Drivers need to be aware of potential hazards caused by the rising or setting sun, Holt said, and the way many area streets run east-west. Drivers need to use sunglasses and visors and slow down.

“Make sure in the morning times and in the evening times,” Holt said, “when that sun’s sitting there – you need to slow down and pay attention.”

When the rising or setting sun shines directly into drivers’ eyes, the resulting glare can make it much harder to see the road ahead and potential hazards, creating an added risk to drivers, the American Automobile Association says. When sun glare is an issue, slow down and use extra caution – especially while driving through school zones.

So how can you protect yourself?

AAA offers these tips for motorists when driving into the sun:

  • Invest in polarized sunglasses – they can help reduce glare
  • Utilize your vehicle’s sun visor – it can help block out the sun
  • Leave more following room – when the sun is in your eyes it can be hard to see what the car ahead is doing; this is one more time when it pays to leave more room between you and the next vehicle
  • Drive with your headlights on to increase your visibility to other drivers
Additional tips:
  • Keep your windshield clean, inside and out
  • Check your windshield for pitting and cracks
  • Avoid storing papers or other items on the dashboard that can creative reflective glare on the windshield
  • If you are having a difficult time seeing the road, use lane markings to help guide you

Rarely will visibility be absolutely perfect while driving; but if motorists make the proper adjustments, they can minimize any additional risks that come with less-than-optimal visual conditions.

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New Jersey More Than Double The National Rate of Pedestrian and Cyclist Fatalities | The Two River Times

Vehicles struck two cyclists in the borough in two separate incidents on the same day last week. And that along with this week’s two pedestrian fatalities in Monmouth County has a safety advocate continuing to seek improvements to state roadways.

In addition to last Thursday’s two separate collisions in the borough, a 19-year-old man who was struck by a car last Friday on state Route 9, Freehold Township, died on Tuesday from his injuries. In Wall on Tuesday, a 42-year-old woman was struck and killed by a vehicle while she attempted to cross Route 34. Authorities determined the driver had a green light at the time of the collision.

In the Freehold incident, the investigation is continuing, according to the Monmouth County Prosecutor’s Office. In the borough, at approximately 7:33 a.m., on Aug. 13, 39-year-old Salatiel Perez-Perez, a borough resident, was riding his bicycle westbound in the northern crosswalk at the East Bergen Place and Hudson Avenue intersection, when he was hit by a vehicle, according to Police Chief Darren McConnell.

The driver of the vehicle, Charles Johnson, Red Bank,“just never saw him because of the sun glare,” McConnell said, noting, “It was a very bright, sunny morning.”…

The NJ State Police figures for 2014 indicated there were 563 deaths on state roadways, of which 169 were outside the car 13 of which were riding bicycles.

This is a marked increase over 2013’s record low of 542 since data collection began in the 1940s, according to state police statistics.

These numbers have led the Federal Highway Administration to label New Jersey as a pedestrian-focus state. “That means they’re spotlighting us, saying you need to do something about this,” Steiner said.

Much of the problem rests with lack of education and needed infrastructure upgrades to improve pedestrian safety, Steiner maintained…

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7 Reasons Why Motorcycle Face Shield Is Necessity | Street Articles

If you are a motorcycle enthusiast, then I am sure you know how great it feels to ride a motorcycle. Well, if you are new in the motorcycle world am assuring you that motorcycle riding is a great experience. Riding a motorcycle feels like flying because when you are riding your motorbike, you are not enclosed inside any machine unlike in a situation where you are driving a car. If you are driving your car, you will be behind a windshield, and a dashboard, a steering wheel with an air bag and a roof over your head, in short, you are way much more protected from elements than riding in the wind, along with bugs, dust getting into your eyes and if it starts raining, it becomes a nightmare. A motorcycle helmet will protect your skull while the face shield plays a very important role by protecting your eyes, nose and mouth so that you are free from bugs and any flying object…

Here are 7 reasons why a motorcycle face shield should be a necessity.

1. It protects you from face injuries in case of an accident

2. It protects you from sun glare and leads to increased vision

3. It protects you from bugs and other insects

4. It protects you from dirt and debris

5. It protects you in bad weather

6. Good ventilation and increased comfort in warm weather

7. It keeps your head area warm during cold seasons.

full article -

Sun in eyes northbound?? >

Multiple Crashes With Injury - US 7 North Rutland, Vermont | Vermont State Police

DATE/TIME: Wednesday August 19th, 2015 at approximately 1627 and 1637 hours.

LOCATION: US Route 7 North, just south of Carriage Run Road in the Town of Rutland, Vermont...

On the above date and time, the Vermont State Police responded to US Route 7 just south of Carriage Run Road in the Town of Rutland, Vermont for a report of a vehicle off of the roadway. Upon arrival, the State Police found a separate motor vehicle roll over type crash had occurred just prior to their arrival. Subsequently, Members of the Rutland Town Fire Department, Pittsford Fire Department, and Regional Ambulance Service were summoned to the scene.

Investigation at the scene found that 40 year old Melissa Norris of Starksboro, Vermont was driving north on US Route 7 North when she reported the sun glare went into her eyes. Norris also believed another car was entering her lane at the same approximate time traveling south so she moved her vehicle to the right. Subsequently, her vehicle left the roadway, traversed down an embankment and continued for approximately 230 feet before it impacted a group of trees...

full report -

Beware of the risks on the roads over the bank holiday weekend | USAUK Online

Whether it’s a day trip, weekend break or your annual holiday; summer’s the time when many thousands of us jump in our cars to flock to our favourite holiday places, only to have the experience ruined by an avoidable motoring accident…

So here’s a look at staying safe on the roads, and a few handy tips on what to do in the event of an accident…

Beware of the glare

Whilst we all love the sunshine, sun glare or dazzle, briefly ‘blinding’ drivers is perhaps more of a hazard than you may think.

A report by the AA (Automobile Association) quotes a yearly figure of 2,905 accidents with ‘sun dazzle’ as ‘a factor’: 52 of those accidents occurred on motorways; 1,203 on A-roads; 428 on B-roads; 1,222 on minor roads.

Beware of sun glare when you approach bends on unknown roads.

Slow down or even stop – because you can’t risk hitting another vehicle, cyclist or pedestrian who may be in your blind spot.

And of course, never attempt to overtake into low sunlight…

full article -

Cheers, Ralph

Sun/Shade & Urban Development – August 2015

The following relate to urban development and urban design in general, and to specific projects with sun/shade issues in particular. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Check out our weekly news summary “Sun, Shadow & Urban Development” at

Vancouver real estate market shines light, casts shadow | via @VanCourierNews

Three recent scenes involving light and shadow from Vancouver. 

The first scene: a luminous Sunday evening at the 38th Vancouver Folk Festival. The aptly named band Phosphorescent is dealing with feedback issues at the main stage, but it doesn’t seem to be hurting the crowd vibe. The western sky resembles a crushed set of pastels, with a crescent moon adding a stroke of white.

The second scene: I step from the Burrard SkyTrain Station late one afternoon to find a shadowy Gotham on Dunsmuir. Having somehow avoided this spot for years, I marvel how towers in the area have cut the sky down to a few slivers of light.

A visit to some places in the downtown core can feel like a walk through a Vegas casino floor: plenty of artificial light with no indication of the time of day. In contrast, the grassy amphitheater of Jericho Park, with its exposure to the sun, moon and (a few) stars, can give you a sense of riding spaceship Earth.

Third scene: some time ago I spoke with a “geospatial engineer” at a public hearing for a high-rise development in a Lower Mainland neighborhood. He tells me that at certain hours on sunny days, a proposed 22-storey highrise would result in a kilometre-long shadow across suburban homes to the east — but he’s not prepared to be interviewed about his findings.

It’s a touchy subject. Our Tulipmania real estate market is creating a Jack in the Beanstalk skyline, with pinnacles of light for the players and a canyon of shadows for everyone else.

Most home and condo owners don’t think a great deal about light — beyond exposure to the four cardinal directions — until they lose it to a nearby development. As noted in a Washington Post story about the gloomy consequences of high-rise construction in the U.S., “shadows even turn light into another medium of inequality — a resource that can be bought by the wealthy, eclipsed from the poor.”

Controversy over civic light and shadow has a long pedigree south of the border. Public outcry in 1915 over the seven-acre shadow created by the 42-storey equitable Building in Lower Manhattan influenced the architecture of subsequent developments in New York. Skyscrapers such as the Empire State Building and Chrysler building were conceived with tapered designs; setbacks at higher floors that allow more sky to be seen from the ground.

This contextual approach went sideways for a stretch. The modernist credo, expressed in Le Corbusier’s description of a house as a “machine for living,” led to writer P.J. O’Rourke’s ’90s-era estimate of rectilinear additions to the North American skyline: “That’s not a building, it’s the box it came in.”

Developers habitually lose the plot with light — but the public is always there to remind them what they are really doing: constructing immense sundials. In 1984, San Francisco introduced a “sunlight ordinance” that requires the municipal review of proposed structures over 40 feet that might shadow public parks.

Today, geospatial engineers and “enlightened” architects use sophisticated 3D modelling software to measure “shadow impacts” of proposed developments. As a bargaining tool, developers might negotiate the elimination of a few storeys from high-rise development proposals, so neighbouring developments receive a few extra minutes of sunlight through the day.

Big buildings don’t just generate shadows. The speculative enthusiasm for all-glass towers, which shows no sign of abating in the world’s urban hotspots, can result in unintended consequences. One such example is London’s “Fryscraper,” an infamous high-rise with a concave surface that has reportedly cooked cars parked in its focal point.

Yet the reflective property of such structures can also be used intentionally and intelligently. As recently reported in the Guardian, architects at NBJJ in London “used computer modeling to design a pair of buildings, one of which works like a gigantic, curved mirror. The glass surface of the northernmost building reflects light down into the shadow cast by its southern partner. And the carefully defined curve of that glass allows the reflected light to follow the shadow throughout the day.”

The above scheme is intended to create more ambient urban light, rather than a summertime death beam or all-season twilight.

City of Vancouver, take note. With a gravity-defying real estate market sending condos and prices into the troposphere, the streets below could use some brightening up.

One of our shadow study projects >

Plans Revealed for West Block Development at Loblaws Lake Shore | via @urban_toronto

Choice Properties REIT and Wittington Properties Limited unveiled updated plans for the Loblaws Groceterias building at Lake Shore and Bathurst today during a ceremony honouring the preservation of the first brick taken from the building’s facade.

The first brick ceremony included remarks from development partners Tony Grossi, President of Wittington Properties Limited; John Morrison, President and CEO of Choice Properties; Terry Hui, CEO of Concord Pacific Group of Companies, the parent company of Concord Adex; as well as Mayor John Tory and Councillor Joe Cressy. In his speech, John Morrison described the beginning of the restoration process, in which the building's stones and nearly 100,000 bricks will be dismantled, labeled, stored in Port Credit, cleaned, and eventually reassembled on site. Mayor John Tory praised the mixed-use nature of the project and credited the site with welcoming visitors to the city from Billy Bishop Airport.

W. Galen Weston and Galen Weston were also present to receive the first brick on behalf of Loblaw Companies Limited.

The preservation of the first brick was followed by the unveiling of a new banner that features the project's new name and logo: West Block, established 1928. This new logo is a nod to the building's history, as Loblaws first opened the doors to their headquarters and warehouse in this building in 1928. They continued to occupy the building until the 1970s, when Loblaws moved into a new headquarters on St. Clair Avenue East and The Daily Bread Food Bank took over the space. The warehouse has been vacant since the Food Bank left in 2000, shortly before the larger southern structure received heritage designation in 2001.

When we last checked in with this site in 2013, demolition had just finished on the northern structure. The new plans for West Block development include office and retail space designed by the original site architects at architectsAlliance, updated residential tower design by Page + Steele Architects, and heritage restoration of the original Art Deco facade by ERA Architects. Today’s renderings reveal some significant changes from the plans released in 2013.

The updated plan includes approximately 22,760 square metres of retail and office space in a seven-storey building housed in the reconstructed warehouse, 876 residential units in two towers (37 and 41 storeys) on the northern side of the site, a planned public art installation and café under the Gardiner Expressway, and approximately 600 underground parking spaces.

The retail space will be anchored by a 4,645 square metre Loblaws Great food store that will serve a neighbourhood that has seen rapid residential growth in recent years. West Block is currently slated to open in Spring of 2019.

25-Storey Tower Development Application behind Shoreline Towers | Mimico Residents Association

The Application was submitted June 8th and was received as complete by City Planning. City Planning has 120 days (from June 10th) to hold a public consultation on this application and produce a Final Report for Etobicoke York Community Council. It is likely the application will be rejected by City Planning and the developer will then appeal to the Ontario Municipal Board. If the City does not process the application within the 120 day time-frame, the developer will be able to go to the OMB without a full City review of their proposal and without the public having an opportunity to provide input. 

The Mimico community went through years of extensive consultation, which resulted in a Secondary Plan being developed. The MRA supported the secondary plan which was then approved by the City.

Here are some aspects of this particular development that contravene the Secondary Plan:

  • the tower is located directly where a lakeside road is proposed in the Plan. If a building is approved in this location, and so close to the existing buildings, there can be no road. The road is key to opening up Lake access points to the public, maintaining sight lines from Lake Shore Blvd. and providing sensible access to well-planned development in the future.
  • the tower is 25 storeys, steps from the Mimico Waterfront trail – there were no towers of this height proposed in such close proximity to the Lake in the Secondary Plan because they would crowd and shadow the Waterfront park.
  • the tower almost doubles the population on an already dense site – there are 266 units in the 10 storey buildings that are currently on the site. The new tower would add 241 units. There are immediate concerns re: infrastructure esp traffic and transit to support new residents.
  • other considerations: wind tunnel effects, reduction of open space, reduction of potential greenspace and open public space provided for in the Plan.

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Glyn, thank you for your shout-out  in Spacing Magazine (Spring 2015) in your "Sunny Side of the Street" and "Torontohenge" articles. @Banquos_Banquet @Spacing

Disputes over shadows aren't black and white | via @marketplace

New York’s skyline is in the process of getting some new icons. They are known as pencil towers, super-slender towers and pejoratively as bank vaults in the sky because of their high price tags. They are feats of modern engineering, but also controversial.

One reason is the shadows they would cast on Central Park at certain times of year. Another reason is that the luxurious apartments and high price tags that make them possible are also signs of conspicuous consumption by the mega-wealthy. There are analysts who try to sort out fact from fiction when it comes to light and shadow, but they have their work cut out for them. 

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Sure, a "22-storey highrise would result in a kilometre-long shadow" at certain hours, but so would a 2-storey house

see article -

Claim "huge shadow" on Lake Eola and park >

Church files detailed objections to Lake Eola tower plan

St. Luke’s Cathedral, a historic church in downtown Orlando, filed its detailed objections to a plan for a 28-story tower on the shores of Lake Eola.

The church, which donated property for Lake Eola Park in 1914, has come out in strong opposition to the plan by private developers to build the 28-story City Centre project (also known as Parc Center), which would have more than 200 apartment units, retail and an outdoor café.

The café itself would be built over land donated by the church. The Sentinel has covered the project and the church’s opposition in several recent stories.

Here’s a summary of the new details in the church’s formal appeal of the Municipal Planning Board approval of the project:

--Use of the deeded park land for commercial purposes violates deed restrictions, and was done without asking St. Luke’s permission.

--The tower itself would be built so close to park land that it would represent an illegal encroachment on park land, which the city has rarely or never allowed.

-- The tower and related development would block the public view of the lake, which was expressly forbidden in deed restriction.

--The project violates the city’s own Community Redevelopment Agency Plan for the downtown area and the city’s DTOutlook plan, which calls for more public park space, not less. The developer’s use of park land for a private café would not meet goals of creating more public green space and connection between public green spaces.

--There is no account for “the shadow impact that such a huge structure will have on the use of the park by the public and the wildlife that inhabits it.”   The church’s objection notes that a 2008 plan for developing the same site took into account how the building would cast a shadow and required that the building shape be altered to not cast a large shadow over the park and lake.

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CTBUH honours Turning Torso with 10-year award | Construction Canada

The Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat (CTBUH) selected Malmö, Sweden’s Turning Torso as the winner of its 10-year award. 

The award allows an opportunity to revisit projects that have been operational for a decade and recognize those that have performed successfully across any number of criteria, including environmental, engineering performance, vertical transport, and iconography.

Turning Torso was completed in 2005 and was the first twisted skyscraper in the world. It rotates 90 degrees along its height in nine pentagonal sections. Its design was inspired by a white marble sculpture by Spanish architect, engineer, and artist, Santiago Calatrava. The 190-m (623-ft) building embodies Malmö’s revival and Sweden’s determination to lead the world in expressive, sustainable design typologies. To this day, it remains the tallest building in Scandinavia.

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Cheers, Ralph

Miscellaneous “Sun & Shadow” Items – August 2015

The following are miscellaneous sun, shade, solar and solar energy facts and comments. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Our monthly sunrise/sunset tables have been updated

UV peaks in Toronto this Civic Holiday long weekend at 1:24 pm.

Toronto2015 sunrise/sunset times. Parapan Am Games TO2015

Embedded image permalink

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Thank you sun for helping Blue Jays today. Ball lost in sun by NYY gave Jays the game. Gotta love it.

Torontohenge Monday Aug 24. Watch the sun rise in line with Toronto e/w streets at 6:32 AM.

LA Angels victimized by “sun balls” twice in one game >

Cleveland Indians ride two sun balls, Abraham Almonte grand slam to sweep of L.A. Angels: DMan's Report, Game 129 |

Carlos Santana went 3-for-4 with two sun-aided doubles and Abraham Almonte hit a grand slam as the Cleveland Indians defeated the Los Angeles Angels, 9-2, Sunday afternoon at Progressive Field…

The Land of the blinding sun: Who could have guessed that California's Angels would be victimized by the sun not once, but twice, in supposedly perpetually overcast Cleveland?

Jason Kipnis led off the first inning with a double to right. After Francisco Lindor's sacrifice bunt, Brantley ripped an RBI double into the right-field corner (1-2 curve down and in/75 mph).

Brantley became the 10th player in franchise history with back-to-back seasons of 40+ doubles, the first since Travis Hafner in 2004-2005.

Carlos Santana, in a full count, sent one of his patented high-trajectory flies to the outfield. Trout was in position for a routine catch but lost track of the ball, which fell nearby for what reads in the box score as an RBI double for Santana…

With none on and one out in the fifth, Brantley lined a full-count curve (65) to center for a single. Santana hit the first pitch high to right, where Kole Calhoun encountered the same glare issues as Trout. Brantley, who had been moving with the pitch, began to retreat to first, then changed direction again and reached third. Santana happily accepted his second gift double -- no apologies necessary.

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Cheers, Ralph