Friday, January 1, 2016

Sun Glare While Driving – December 2015

The following relate to the dangers of sun glare while driving, and traffic safety in general. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Read our weekly news summary “Sun Glare and Driving” at:

Previous sun glare crashes here >

Driver in accidental death of 12 year old faces misdemeanor - via @OuterBanksVoice

The driver involved in the accident that led to the death of a 12-year-old First Flight Middle School School student has been charged with misdemeanor death by motor vehicle, according to the Kill Devil Hills Police Department. 

Doris Younts, 62, of Colington was also charged with failure to stop at a steady red light. A misdemeanor death by motor vehicle charge is warranted when an unintentional death is caused by a moving violation other than driving while impaired.

Brianna Blumenthal was hit Nov. 23 while on her bicycle in the crosswalk at the intersection of Veteran’s Drive and Colington Road near the First Flight schools complex.

The accident happened late in the afternoon. The sun was low and the driver was heading directly west…

Sun glare may have been major factor >

Mother, 2 kids to Hospital After Car vs. Pedestrian Collision | KLKN TV

A mother and her two children were sent to the hospital this morning after being stuck by an SUV and then dragged underneath it a couple feet. 

The incident happened outside Adams Elementary School just before 8:30 a.m. Lincoln Police say that the driver of the SUV was trying to turn east on to Tamarin Ridge Road.

They report that the driver heard a another vehicle honk at them, thinking they were clear to proceed, but instead that driver was warning the SUV of the three pedestrians. LPD says that sun glare may have been a major factor in this accident…

Sun reflection off building >

State Farm building causing problems in Tempe - via @abc15

The new multi-million dollar State Farm building in Tempe isn't a welcome sight for some drivers on Rio Salado Parkway. Drivers are complaining the sun's reflection off the all glass facade is blinding.

The peak time for the intense reflection is during rush hour. One driver says he noticed it as soon as the glass went into the building.

"It's like somebody taking a mirror and reflecting the sun off it right into your eyes," said Scott Leblang who drives west on Rio Salado everyday. "If there's a pedestrian there, you may not see them because of the glare."

After this story aired on ABC15 Mornings, a viewer said she noticed the glare during games at Sun Devil Stadium. She said everyone had to put sunglasses on while sitting on the eastside of the stadium.

The developer of the building told ABC15 it will take information and meet with their team to evaluate the concerns.

A City of Tempe spokesperson said, "there is not a belief at this time that there is a hazardous condition involving the site."…

Roundabout proposed as remedy for high-accident intersection | West Life

Engineering consultants hired by the city say a roundabout is the safest, least expensive solution for reducing the number of accidents at the intersection of Center Ridge and Canterbury roads. 

But the city’s Planning Commission is not convinced. On Oct. 5, its members voted 3-1 against approving a proposal to replace the traditional traffic-signal intersection with a roundabout at Center Ridge and Canterbury roads…

The majority of the accidents involved cars driving along Center Ridge being struck by cars coming from the opposite direction while attempting left turns onto Canterbury, Kelly said.

The fact that the two streets are not perpendicular appears to be a factor in the high accident rate. The streets meet at the northwest corner of the intersection at an angle of roughly 120 degrees.

“You cannot turn left. Repeat, never can you turn left during the day going either way (on Center Ridge),” Ward 2 Councilman Nick Nunnari said. “You’re waiting in line on both sides, and it’s a complete blind spot. If you go, it’s a roll of the dice whether you get hit.”

Nunnari later added that sun glare often presents a problem to drivers heading west on Center Ridge…

Sun glare suspected >

Boy, two teens hurt in wreck with 18-wheeler - KABB - San Antonio

Six people were hurt in a major wreck involving an 18-wheeler on San Antonio's Southwest Side on Sunday afternoon.

According to the San Antonio Police Department, a woman driving an SUV was stopped along Loop 410 near Somerset Road and the SUV was not completely off the roadway.

A pickup truck slammed into the back of the SUV and then hit an 18-wheeler in the next lane over.

A 6-year-old boy in the SUV, two teens in the truck and the drivers of both vehicles were taken to University Hospital. A front-seat passenger in the SUV was airlifted to University Hospital.

The driver of the truck stated glare from the sun may have contributed to the wreck…

Sun a factor as hill crested >

Prosecutors won't charge driver who killed pedestrian in Harpswell | The Portland Press Herald

Prosecutors have declined to press criminal charges against a 16-year-old girl who had possessed her driver’s license for less than two months when she struck and killed a pedestrian and her dog in Harpswell. 

The teenager, Isabella Slocum of Harpswell, hit 75-year-old Rita Douglas and the dog Aug. 5 as they walked along Harpswell Island Road at about 6:40 a.m

Investigators found that the sun would have been in Slocum’s eyes as she crested a hill near where Douglas was walking…

Ice, sun combine to blind driver; truck lands on boulder | Cedar City News

A single-vehicle accident Thursday morning was caused by a combination of ice and sun glare on a windshield. 

An 18-year-old woman was driving east on North Rachel Drive in Santa Clara, near the intersection of Rachel Drive and Paradise Village Drive, at about 8:15 a.m., Santa Clara-Ivins Police Officer Chad Holt said.

“She had some ice on her windshield … and the sun was in her eyes,” Holt said…

History of sun glare issues >

Bullis crosswalk to remain as task force considers safety improvements | Los Altos Town Crier

With parents, students and an impassioned school principal testifying on its behalf, the Fremont Road crosswalk in front of Gardner Bullis School received a reprieve Dec. 16.

“I think it’s unsafe, but I certainly don’t want to fight the school district and the principal, whom I have a tremendous amount of respect for, and the parents,” said Los Altos Hills City Councilman John Radford, expressing an opinion echoed by fellow councilmembers.

So less than a month after the council voted unanimously to remove the crosswalk, an overwhelming pushback from the community swayed councilmembers at the special council meeting last week to vote unanimously to table those plans...

The crosswalk began its existence on the west side of Fremont Pines Lane. Workers installed it in November 2010, back when parking was allowed on the north side of Fremont Road. But by late 2013, it became clear that factors like sun glare and tree shading prevented commuters from seeing children attempting to cross south to the school, and a traffic consulting company recommended relocating the crosswalk to its present location on the east side of Fremont Pines Lane. The city council agreed, and the new configuration – complete with push-button lighted signs – was installed by December 2014. Yet accidents and near-accidents persisted…

RT Boston Daily News @BostonDailyNews Sun glare may have caused hayride crash that injured 7:  Police say a driver may have been blinded by the sun

Sun in driver's eyes may have caused hayride crash in Maine |

A driver may have been blinded by the sun when he crashed a car into a horse-drawn carriage, injuring seven people on a Christmas Day hayride, police said Saturday…

Police said it appears Libby, who was not injured, did not see the carriage until it was too late because of the angle and intensity of the sun; both vehicles were headed west around 2:30 p.m. when the crash occurred…

No charges have been filed and the investigation is continuing…

Cheers, Ralph

Sun/Shade & Urban Development – December 2015

The following relate to urban development and urban design in general, and to specific projects with sun/shade issues in particular. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Check out our weekly news summary “Sun, Shadow & Urban Development” at

What are your thoughts about shadowing from proposed buildings?
Take our survey -

Nicole Gelinas @nicolegelinas 16 Dec 2015  Central Park with superskyblocker shadow. (& marked temperature difference) @laylaLawGisiko

image via

$eth @sethcarlson 16 Dec 2015  @nicolegelinas @laylaLawGisiko Any building will block the sun from a certain angle. This silly argument can be used against ANY structure.

Nicole Gelinas @nicolegelinas 16 Dec 2015 Manhattan, NY  @sethcarlson @laylaLawGisiko no, it can be used for smart urban planning, and has been in past.

$eth @sethcarlson 16 Dec 2015  @nicolegelinas @laylaLawGisiko A picture of a building blocking the sun proves nothing. Can take such a pic of any building anywhere.

Layla Law-Gisiko @laylaLawGisiko 16 Dec 2015  @sethcarlson @nicolegelinas pix proves just that: bldg blocks sun. Temp much lower in shade. Park less user friendly.

MLB Planning @mlbplanning 16 Dec 2015  @laylaLawGisiko @sethcarlson @nicolegelinas or more so in summer

Layla Law-Gisiko @laylaLawGisiko 16 Dec 2015  @mlbplanning @sethcarlson @nicolegelinas in summer earth closer to sun so shadow very short Bldgs act as heat retainers don't provide shade

Ralph Bouwmeester @SunPosition 18 Dec 2015  @laylaLawGisiko @mlbplanning @sethcarlson @nicolegelinas Interesting conversation. FYI though, earth is closer to sun in winter.

Layla Law-Gisiko @laylaLawGisiko 18 Dec 2015  @SunPosition @mlbplanning @sethcarlson @nicolegelinas thanks Ralph I'm better on zoning than physics!winter:earth axis tilted=longer shadows

Ralph Bouwmeester @SunPosition 18 Dec 2015  @laylaLawGisiko No worries Layla :) You're certainly not alone thinking that. Counter-intuitive?? @mlbplanning @sethcarlson @nicolegelinas

RT tpr2 @tpr2 The new tallest building in the world will be a kilometer high

Dubai's Burj Khalifa may soon need to forfeit its Guinness World Record for the world's tallest building. 

Saudia Arabia has secured funding to finish building the Jeddah Tower (previously named the Kingdom Tower), a $1.2 billion project that is planned to rise about 3,280 feet into the sky, compared to Burj Khalifa's 2,722 feet…

Welcome to the Age of Shadowless Skyscrapers - via @intelligencer

Whenever a new tower starts muscling its way toward the sky, it drains a bit more light from the streets and parks below, so walking along a sidewalk can sometimes feel like pacing the bottom of a deep well. But what if, even in the densest thickets of Manhattan, skyscrapers could be designed to shrink, or even bleach out, the shadows they cast? Imagine a structure that bends like a rubbery dancer to dodge as many rays as possible and let them fall on a park instead. That’s what Jeanne Gang’s Solar Carve tower will do for the High Line. Or think of a high-rise fitted out with angled mirrors that make its shadow glow. Jean Nouvel’s One Central Park in Sydney, Australia, does that. New Yorkers who fear that a 1,500-foot-high wall of deluxe condos will one day cast Sheep Meadow in permanent shadow could start demanding designs that cast soft, glare-free pools of light instead.

Software and high-tech glass offer precise ways of managing shadows, but the idea of maximizing solar access has a long pedigree. In the 1970s, the Los Angeles–based architect Ralph Knowles observed that the Acoma people of New Mexico had always oriented their terraced pueblos to the south, ensuring that every house would get maximum exposure to the low winter sun. Knowles proposed enshrining a right to sunshine in a legal concept he called the “solar envelope.” In New York, resistance to darkened streets is already baked into law. We’re approaching the centennial of the 1916 zoning code, which obliges buildings to retreat as they rise, opening up cones of sunshine that touch the ground. The pursuit of light created the classic New York skyscraper.

Now that venerable citywide principle could be tailored to specific sites. For example, the law is geared toward lighting up wide avenues, leaving mid-block areas dark. That turned out to be a problem at the High Line, which wends its way beneath Tenth and Eleventh avenues and runs a gauntlet of new condos. “It’s a unique situation: If you follow the zoning, you throw the High Line into shadow,” says Jeanne Gang. So she designed a building that violated the rules, then persuaded the city to change them. Her Solar Carve tower will step back from the park instead of toward it, and its lower section will be scooped away to let light pass unmolested on its way to the greenery. “The more you carve it, the more sun you get,” Gang says...

RT WHO Urban Health @who_urbanhealth Living near a transit line can be good for your mental health, a new study suggests @CityLab

To call the city a stressful place is to undersell the ceaseless assault waged on your sanity by the urban environment. That persistent strain can take the form of something as simple as traffic delays that chip away at your patience to something as complex as an increased risk for schizophrenia. City intensity is so potentially distressing that, over time, humans brains have adapted by filtering out the lesser annoyances that aren’t quite worth a worry.

Of course, it’s not all bad downtown. There might be a Shake Shack nearby, or at least the hope of one to come. Urban trees and parks have a profoundly beneficial impact on our attention spans and general mental health. And a new study suggests two other regular elements of city life that might do the mind some good as well, particularly for older populations: access to public transportation, and dense surroundings.

Here’s the upshot, via the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health:

Therefore, this research suggests that good accessibility to public transport, as well as a dense urban structure (versus sprawl), could contribute to reduced risk of depression, especially for women and elderly, by increasing opportunities to move around and have an active social life… 

City Releases Shadow Study to Gauge the Impact of Trackside | Davis Vanguard

One of the biggest questions about the proposed Trackside project, which currently is planned at five and a half stories where the highest point of the project would be at 78 feet above the street, is how that height will impact the existing residents in the adjacent neighborhood…

The neighbors, beginning in mid-June, complained to council about the lack of outreach from the developers. Since then, the two sides have met a number of times attempting to assess impacts and look at ways to mitigate those impacts.

One way to assess that impact is a “shadow impact analysis” which basically projects where the shadows would be during a given time of day at a given time of year.

The applicants contracted with the architectural and planning firm JZMK Partners to prepare a shadow study for the proposed redevelopment project at 901-919 Third Street in Davis. “The study was conducted to determine the extent to which shadows created by the new project would affect the overall shadow conditions within the surrounding area.”

In a written analysis prepared by the applicant, they note that the city lacks “established standards or guidelines for the production of a ‘Shadow Impact Analysis’ as requested of the Applicant.” However, they write, “The Applicant and Applicant’s Architects have endeavored to utilize best practices from other communities to create a high-quality product that is helpful to both professional City Staff and members of the public.”…

How Transportation Planning Is Stuck in the Past | GOVERNING

For all we hear about the impact that technology and social changes are having on urban mobility, you'd certainly expect to see their influence reflected in city transportation planning. For the most part, unfortunately, this simply isn't the case.

That's the disheartening takeaway from a new report from the National League of Cities (NLC). "City of the Future: Technology & Mobility" details the many challenges city and regional leaders face in adapting their planning efforts to the changes that are on the horizon -- or already upon us…

Building neighbourhoods together | Gleaner Community Press

A Ward 20 (Toronto) year in review

By Joe Cressy

RT Nate DonatoWeinstein @SVBizNate Massive residential project could sprout at San Jose's Greyhound terminal

RT SVbizjournal @SVbizjournal Goodbye Greyhound, hello high-rise homes? Massive towers proposed for downtown San Jose.

image via

San Jose's Greyhound bus terminal could sprout two residential towers totaling more than 700 units in what would be the largest project by unit count ever proposed for the central business district.

KT Urban, downtown's most prodigious high-rise developer, last week turned in an early concept to the San Jose Planning Department for the roughly 1.6-acre site at 70 S. Almaden Ave., according to city records…

The KT Urban concept would see a 24-story and a 23-story tower resting on three levels of underground parking. The plans show multiple potential orientations for the buildings, including east/west and north/south layouts, and it's unclear which direction the developer will be going. One tower would include 294 units, while the other would have 414. The buildings could reach 241 and 251 feet tall… 

Aura at College Park releases penthouse suites atop Canada's tallest residential tower - via @buzzbuzzhome

Proud to have been part of this team.

Soaring high above College Park at Yonge and Gerrard, Aura Condos by Canderel has made its mark on Toronto’s skyline as Canada’s tallest residential tower. The complex houses 985 suites, a 42,000 square foot fitness centre, and 190,000 square feet of prime retail space within its podium. 

BuzzBuzzHome News was invited to the 79th floor of the skyscraper to tour the impressive new penthouse suites and to hear more about the project from Riz Dhanji, VP Sales and Marketing at Canderel, Julie Robinson, Director Project Management and Construction and project architect Barry Graziani of Graziani + Corazza Architects.

At 273 meters (895 feet) Aura has literally reached new heights in the city of Toronto, but the tower’s sky high dimensions weren’t the only first for the city.

“Before the city had a formal design review process, Aura went through a design review of its own headed by a panel of five esteemed architects across Canada and the US,” explained Graziani. “It was also the first development to implement an approval process of construction and occupancy based on three individually stacked buildings — the podium as one building, the tower up to the 58th floor as the second, and the tower to the 78th floor as the third.”…

New program rates bird-smart glass | Construction Canada

The American Bird Conservancy (ABC) recently launched its Bird-Smart Glass program, which includes a list of tested products available to help stop avian casualties from hitting windows. 

For the past six years, ABC has been scientifically testing products that are affordable and esthetically suitable for architects and homeowners to use to eliminate bird deaths. Six of the 18 products listed are consumer materials meant for homeowners, 14 are commercial for architects and building managers, and two are appropriate for both.

In order to become Bird-Smart-verified, the products must have documented evidence proving effectiveness either through controlled tests or field studies. To test products, ABC puts birds into a 9-m (30-ft) wooden tunnel with two glass panes at the end. One pane is a sample of the material being tested and the other is made of regular glass. The panes are placed in front of a sky backdrop and illuminated by sunlight using mirrors. To pass the bird-smart test, birds must avoid hitting the material 70 percent of the test flights. Nets prevent birds from being injured, and they are released immediately following the test...

Local Opinion Divided on 45-Storey Condo Proposal at 411 Church - via @urban_toronto

Last night (Dec 8/15), the first public meeting regarding CentreCourt Development's recent proposal for a 45-storey condo tower at 411 Church Street was held, giving neighbouring residents in this central Toronto community an opportunity to provide input regarding the plan. The ambitious tower was met with a mixed reception by attendees, many of whom felt that the height would be inappropriate for the neighbourhood. Among the most frequently cited concerns was the impact of shadows that would be cast over the neighbouring Church Street Jr. Public School, located across the street immediately north of the site.

When details of the proposal—configured in a 38-storey tower rising above a 7-storey base—at the southeast corner of Church and Wood first emerged in August of this year, it was predicted that the tower's shadows would prove contentious. Indeed, as renderings for the Page + Steele / IBI Group-designed project revealed a modern tower characterized by a distinctive honeycomb pattern exterior aesthetic, the shadow study also showed that—during some parts of the year—the neighbouring school would receive noticeably less direct sunlight.

According to the City of Toronto's North Downtown Yonge Planning Framework—frequently cited during the meeting—a maximum height of 25 storeys is prescribed for new developments in the 'College-Carlton special character' area (with height guidelines of 15 to 25 storeys). However, given the scattershot and sometimes almost random nature of high-rise development throughout Toronto, building beyond the City's guidelines is not without precedent. A few attendees even argued that the benefits of going to school in a potentially more vibrant community would outweigh the harms of increased shadows...

Burlington builder's 'modernistic' condo project riles local residents - via @insidehalton

A Burlington developer heard strong opposition from Alton neighbourhood residents last Tuesday night about plans to build 691 residential units as part of a project that includes two 19-storey towers...

The two condo towers are proposed for the northeast corner of the lot, which according to a consultant’s shadow study would not impact the sunlight for the surrounding homes...

@Condosca @MoneySenseMag Will new mortgage rules force people further out from the GTA? If so, bad news for traffic and environment.

RT BuzzBuzzHome @BuzzBuzzHome What economists are predicting for the Canadian housing market in 2016

image via

To get an idea of what’s in store for the Canadian housing market in the coming year, you might want to look back over the past 12 months.

“On a regional basis, it’s probably pretty similar to what we’ve seen through most of this year,” says Robert Kavcic, a senior economist at BMO, of his housing market outlook for 2016. By that, Kavcic means he expects to see regional-market performance continue in line with the pattern that has persisted throughout 2015: weakness in the prairies and Atlantic Canada from lower oil prices countered by strong Toronto and Vancouver real estate markets.

But with additional factors like the recent election of a new federal government and the approach of another round of Bank of Canada interest rate announcements, Kavcic and others have weighed in with their predictions for Canadian real estate in 2016… 

Taking a look at Toronto's changing waterfront | Construction Canada

Toronto’s Lake Ontario coastline is one of the city’s most striking features, but over the years, parts have become derelict and run-down. In November 1999, the Waterfront Renewal Project was launched, with the Government of Canada, Province of Ontario, and City of Toronto each dedicating $500 million to renew the area over 30 years. The project area, extending from Coxwell to Dowling Avenues, is divided into three precincts—West Don Lands, East Bayfront, and the Port Lands. The area covers 800 hectares (2000 acres), making it the largest urban redevelopment project currently underway in North America. 

Since 2004 alone, Waterfront Toronto, the public advocate and steward of waterfront revitalization, has opened 17 new or improved parks and public spaces, and 2876 m (9435 ft) of bike lanes. Four major projects are currently under construction, seven are planned, and countless more are under development. By its completion, the waterfront project’s costs will total an estimated $34 billion in public and private funds…

Proud to be involved in a number of these projects >

Sun/Shade & Urban Development - November 2015 

China's Shanghai Tower achieves LEED Platinum certification | Construction Canada

The U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) announced the world’s second tallest building, Shanghai Tower in China, has achieved Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Platinum for Core and Shell (CS). 

Shanghai Tower is the tallest building in China and is located at the core of Pudong’s Lujiazui finance and trade area in the world’s most populous city. It stands at 632 m (2073 ft) and received certification for its envelope…

Cheers, Ralph

Miscellaneous “Sun & Shadow” Items – December 2015

The following are miscellaneous sun, shade, solar and solar energy facts and comments. They were derived from our twitter feed @SunPosition

Our monthly sunrise/sunset tables have been updated.

Global Solar Council Launched at COP 21

The GSC strives to convey 3 Key Messages about solar power:

  • Solar power is already one of the cheapest forms of electricity globally and prices continue to decline fast. The levelised cost of solar electricity is 80% lower than it was during COP-15 in 2009. Solar provides a cost-effective means of fighting climate change today.
  • Solar power is the most versatile form of electricity generation and can be deployed anywhere in the world for the people of developing and developed countries alike. Solar also has the highest share of popular support of any electricity technology.
  • To avoid a greater than 2 ÂșC increase in global temperatures, it is imperative to strongly accelerate the deployment of solar power. A 10% share of global power generation by 2030, from less than 1% today, is possible given the right market conditions…

RT The Weather Network ?@weathernetwork 21 Dec 2015  Welcome Winter Solstice! How will you make the most of the shortest day of the year?

image via

It may be the first day of winter, but the days start getting longer now.  Nice!

Today (December 21) may be the shortest day of the year, but the latest sunrise in Toronto won't occur for another 2 weeks, on Jan 3rd.

Toronto shadows at high noon are 6.4x longer now (December 21) than they were in June.

Everything You Need to Know About the Winter Solstice via @NatGeo

The Northern Hemisphere's procession of dwindling days is about to reach its nadir. The winter solstice is the year's shortest day, but the start of winter also launches the sun's steady climb towards the long, warm days of summer. 

The solstice occurs on Tuesday, December 22 at 4:48 UTC—that's late Monday night across most of North America. It happens at the same moment no matter where you live, but because we've divided Earth into 24 times zones people around the world observe it at 24 different times of day.

Why does the solstice occur anyway, and how have people observed it through history?

Follow link below for everything you need to know about the December solstice.

Cheers, Ralph